The Las Vegas City Council on Wednesday is expected to consider and could adopt a controversial proposal that would ban people from camping and sleeping in public areas in downtown Las Vegas, and in residential areas throughout the city, if there are beds free at established homeless shelters.
Under the proposed ordinance, violators could be charged with a misdemeanor crime.
Here are some frequently asked questions about the bill:
What would it do?
It would make it a misdemeanor, punishable by up to six months in jail and/or a $1,000 fine, to camp or sleep in the public right of way in certain areas of the city.
What is a public right of way?
Any street, alley, highway or public sidewalk.
In which areas of the city would this apply?
The ordinance would apply to downtown Las Vegas and to any public right of way in the city that is adjacent to property zoned for residential use.
Yes, the ordinance also would apply to any public right of way within 500 feet of any receiving dock of a food processing facility. Put simply, that means any business that manufactures, processes or packages food products.
What does ‘camping’ mean?
By ordinance definition, to “camp” or “lodge” means to sleep or be in a temporary outdoor shelter, cooking over an open flame or fire outdoors, laying down bedding or setting up a tent or similar shelter for the purpose of sleeping or temporary living.
Is there anything else that would be illegal?
Technically, sitting or lying down in a public right of way would also fall under the conditions of the ordinance.
Are there exceptions?
The proposal contains several exceptions for sitting or lying down that include as a result of a medical emergency or disability; waiting for public or private transportation or access into a building; participating in or attending a parade, festival, rally or similar lawfully conducted event; sitting on a chair or bench supplied by an abutting private property owner; and operating or patronizing a business or governmental service.
What is this ordinance trying to do?
At its core, this is all about the homeless. City officials want to stem the growing tide of homeless individuals sleeping and camping in public and compel them to seek shelter and assistance.
Why the caveat about shelter capacity?
The ordinance would only be enforced when there are beds available at established homeless shelters. The idea is that if the city-operated Courtyard Homeless Resource Center, the Las Vegas Rescue Mission or any publicly funded emergency shelter within the city’s jurisdiction has beds, then homeless individuals have a choice to seek shelter and services instead of staying on the sidewalk or elsewhere in public.
Any other reason for the caveat?
Yes, legal considerations. The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals overturned a similar camping ban last year in Boise, Idaho, because the city did not make enough shelter beds available, which the court found to violate the constitutional ban on cruel and unusual punishment.
Who would check to determine if the ban is ‘on’?
According to Las Vegas’ ordinance, the director of the city’s Office of Community Services, or someone designated by that office, would have to immediately notify the city’s Department of Public Safety and the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department when the shelters have reached maximum occupancy.
Who supports the ordinance?
At least three members of the seven-member Las Vegas City Council — Mayor Carolyn Goodman, Councilwoman Michele Fiore and Councilwoman Victoria Seaman — have indicated their support for the plan, while other policymakers were still weighing it. Councilman Cedric Crear backed a previous iteration about a year ago. Supporters say it isn’t about putting anyone in jail but instead driving them to seek help and, in turn, protecting them and the interests of businesses nearby where the homeless sleep.
The Downtown Vegas Alliance, which represents more than 70 downtown business, nonprofit and civic leaders, says the proposal is “an important and necessary first step to help protect those who have made significant investment in the area.” In a recent survey, 83 percent of DVA members supported the bill, but only 46 percent believed the city had the resources necessary to enforce it.
Who is opposed?
As of Tuesday, seven Democratic presidential candidates have announced their opposition to the bill. They are: former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro, Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, hedge fund billionaire Tom Steyer, New Jersey Sen. Cory Booker, Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, former Vice President Joe Biden and California Sen. Kamala Harris. Locally, activist groups like the American Civil Liberties Union and Battle Born Progress have said it would criminalize homelessness and have called upon officials to focus on affordable housing policies. Others, like Catholic Charities of Southern Nevada, have pushed for investments in mental health and addiction treatment.
Another argument from detractors is that, because shelter beds are rarely if ever free, the ordinance itself is moot.
Haven’t we seen this before in Las Vegas?
In September 2018, the Las Vegas City Council killed a nearly identical measure that would have banned sitting and camping within 1,000 feet of food processing facility loading docks. But that bill did not contain the language that stipulated it would be enforced only if beds were free.
City Council meeting
Members of the public who wish to speak about the ordinance or listen to deliberations may attend the meeting, which begins at 9 a.m. inside council chambers at City Hall, 495 S. Main St.
The proposal is listed as item No. 62 on the council agenda. Discussion of the plan will be livestreamed at reviewjournal.com.
Opponents of the proposal, including progressives and faith leaders, are expected to hold an 8 a.m. rally and press conference outside City Hall.